An old piece I did last year. Was still in the early stages of experimenting with graffiti designs at the time.



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ballpoint and gel ink pens

More artwork here


I’ve decided that the decidedly ignorant must be ignored.

Miguel Akhenaten Bell, the Living Image of The Creator

Been a while since I posted any of these…

The artwork of Miguel Bell, The Living Image of Ptah


The suspicions frequently encountered in the literature on obeah reflect cultural perceptions related to the explanation of accidents, ill luck, sickness, and the like, and critics of obeah, of whatever time period, frequently accept such accusations at face value. Scholars dependent on the sources often fall into the trap of exaggerating the negative or antisocial dimensions of obeah. While it is clear that many of the enslaved and their descendants dissented from and resisted hegemonic ideas about obeah imposed from above, it is equally clear that the prejudicial views held by those in power profoundly shape public opinion in the West Indies up to the present day. (p. 6)

Colonial administrators and residential elites (both locally born and foreign) developed their understandings as part of a process of establishing cultural hierarchies in the interest of social control. Through this process, a variety of African-derived cultural phenomena that were largely unfamiliar to them, but that over time became perceived as threatening, were targeted for public action. One way of exercising more effective control over those African derived beliefs and practices was to reduce them to a finite set of properties that could be clearly grasped (partly through analogies to European cultural concepts)—in short, to define them in the terms of the ruling class—and then systematically to devalue and stigmatize (indeed, criminalize) them. The laws provided the ruling class with a formidable weapon… . . Indeed, we argue that anti-obeah legislation, particularly starting in the post-slavery years of the nineteenth century, played a central role in creating public (mis)understandings of obeah across the Caribbean region.

Partly through the force of law, obeah became an emblem of all that was held to be wrong about Africans’ understanding of the cosmos—understandings that were repeatedly denigrated with terms such as savage, depraved, or debased. (p. 2)

Although West Indian laws commonly depict obeah practitioners as having a supposed ability to “inflict any disease” or otherwise cause injury, at the same time they reveal that practitioners were often consulted to “restore any person to health” or “to cure injuries or diseases”; that is, practitioners were said to be able to cure as well as cause”…For this reason, a few slave laws reflect the usage in the slave communities themselves and actually refer to obeah practitioners as “doctors.”

Nonetheless, despite the negative views of obeah expressed by many contemporary West Indians and the fact that obeah is still criminalized in most territories, practitioners continue to be sought out—to varying degrees in different societies—to help with a wide range of life’s problems. The services contemporary obeah practitioners typically provide include, for example, cures for ailments or disease, protection from harm, good luck in everyday affairs (e.g., school exams or finding and keeping a job), and help with achieving pregnancy, discovering lost objects, and ameliorating social relationships (e.g., stopping an errant husband from cheating on his wife, or holding on to a lover). (p. 27)

Enacting Power: The Criminalization of Obeah in the Anglophone Caribbean 1760-2011, by Jerome S. Handler and Kenneth M. Bilby (via creativecommess)

The fact that the ruling class would go out of their way to target African belief systems in order to keep us in check tells me that the religions that they taught us were not meant to empower us to be anything more than obsequious and submissive. Therefore, If we wish to stand any chance of improving our conditions as Africans and people of African descent, we have to return to those beliefs that empower us.

Message from Anonymous At least my race has created and invented things, what has you're race ever created besides hip-hop and that crap y'all eat ????


By crap do you mean seasoned food? Yeah we know white folks can’t handle flavor.

As for creations:

air conditioning unit         Frederick M. Jones      July 12, 1949

almanac                       Benjamin Banneker       Approx 1791

auto cut-off switch           Granville T. Woods      January 1, 1839

auto fishing devise           G. Cook                 May 30, 1899

automatic gear shift          Richard Spikes          February 28, 1932

baby buggy                    W.H. Richardson         June 18, 1899

bicycle frame                 L.R. Johnson            October 10, 1899

biscuit cutter                A.P. Ashbourne          November 30, 1875

blood plasma bag              Charles Drew            Approx. 1945

cellular phone                Henry T. Sampson        July 6, 1971

chamber commode               T. Elkins               January 3, 1897

clothes dryer                 G. T. Sampson           June 6, 1862

curtain rod                   S. R. Scratton          November 30, 1889

curtain rod support           William S. Grant        August 4, 1896

door knob                     O. Dorsey               December 10, 1878

door stop                     O. Dorsey               December 10, 1878

dust pan                      Lawrence P. Ray         August 3, 1897

egg beater                    Willie Johnson          February 5, 1884

electric lampbulb             Lewis Latimer           March 21, 1882

elevator                      Alexander Miles         October 11, 1867

eye protector                 P. Johnson              November 2, 1880

fire escape ladder            J. W. Winters           May 7, 1878

fire extinguisher             T. Marshall             October 26, 1872

folding bed                   L. C. Bailey            July 18, 1899

folding chair                 Brody & Surgwar         June 11, 1889

fountain pen                  W. B. Purvis            January 7, 1890

furniture caster              O. A. Fisher            1878

gas mask                      Garrett Morgan          October 13, 1914

golf tee                      T. Grant                December 12, 1899

guitar                        Robert F. Flemming, Jr. March 3, 1886

hair brush                    Lydia O. Newman         November 15, 18—

hand stamp                    Walter B. Purvis        February 27 1883

horse shoe                    J. Ricks                March 30, 1885

ice cream scooper             A. L. Cralle            February 2, 1897

improv. sugar making          Norbet Rillieux         December 10, 1846

insect-destroyer gun          A. C. Richard           February 28, 1899

ironing board                 Sarah Boone             December 30, 1887

key chain                     F. J. Loudin            January 9, 1894

lantern                       Michael C. Harvey       August 19, 1884

lawn mower                    L. A. Burr              May 19, 1889

lawn sprinkler                J. W. Smith             May 4, 1897

lemon squeezer                J. Thomas White         December 8, 1893

lock                          W. A. Martin            July 23, 18—

lubricating cup               Ellijah McCoy           November 15, 1895

lunch pail                    James Robinson          1887

mail box                      Paul L. Downing         October 27, 1891

mop                           Thomas W. Stewart       June 11, 1893

motor                         Frederick M. Jones      June 27, 1939

peanut butter                 George Washington Carver    1896

pencil sharpener              J. L. Love              November 23, 1897

phone transmitter             Granville T. Woods      December 2, 1884

record player arm             Joseph Hunger Dickenson January 8, 1819

refrigerator                  J. Standard             June 14, 1891

riding saddles                W. D. Davis             October 6, 1895

rolling pin                   John W. Reed            1864

shampoo headrest              C. O. Bailiff           October 11, 1898

spark plug                    Edmond Berger           February 2, 1839

stethoscope                   Imhotep                 Ancient Egypt

stove                         T. A. Carrington        July 25, 1876

straightening comb            Madam C. J. Walker      Approx 1905

street sweeper                Charles B. Brooks       March 17, 1890

thermostat control            Frederick M. Jones      February 23, 1960

traffic light                 Garrett Morgan          November 20, 1923

tricycle                      M. A. Cherry            May 6, 1886

typewriter                    Burridge & Marshman     April 7, 1885

…just to name a few. 

Black excellence ‘til infinity


Cheikh Anta Diop, master scholar

black and blue ballpoint pens


We will die standing free rather than kneeling in chains—whether they be physical, mental, or spiritual.


"Natural mystic"

Scrap paper; ballpoint pen, blue